Composites are devised or genuinely occurring materials produced from two or more constituent materials. They have strikingly different physical or chemical properties that are predominantly used in the manufacture of building products.
As components made of orthodox materials such as metallic alloys corrode swiftly, the use of construction composites in industrial applications is evident.
The escalating demand for composites in the construction sector is a prime factor responsible for propelling the demand for global construction composite market and the development of innovative products, the rapid urbanization and the economic boom in emerging countries is driving the construction composites market globally.
Due to properties like durability, longevity, lightweight, customizing ability, resistance to thermal expansions, the demand for construction composites is growing at the global level. The composites offer flexibility to architects, engineers, and designers to bring out innovative designs that are not constrained by material limitations.
The construction business is one of the noteworthy enterprises, where composite materials are utilized for repairing existing structures.
Some of the key composite applications in the construction sector include acoustics, cladding, doors, facades, roofing, structural components, window profiles among a few.
The construction composite market is categorized by fiber type, resin type, and application. Fibres are the prime crude materials utilized in the production of composites.
The market encompasses fibre type used in construction composites such as carbon fibre, glass fibre, natural fibre and other fibres that are used in the civil, commercial, industrial and housing sectors. Glass fibre is the leading type of fibre used for various construction applications due to the lightweight, low cost and less complexity, durability as well as resistance to heat, temperature and moisture. Glass fibre offers complete solutions against highly corrosive fluids and harsh environmental conditions at various pressures, temperatures, adverse soil weather, and conditions. Carbon fibres outperform glass fibres and others mainly in terms of compressive strength and malleable strength. The properties of carbon fibres such as low thermal expansion, lightweight, high tensile strength, high-temperature tolerance, high stiffness, high chemical resistance have led to an extensive use of this material in recent times. The shape of carbon fibres does not decline gradually and remains consistent even when the constant force is applied. Resins by type are classified as Polyester, Vinyl Ester, Polyethylene, and Polypropylene.
The construction composites market is driven by the increasing penetration of composites in the construction industry and the long life and low maintenance cost of composites.
Globally, North America accounts for the largest share of construction composites, due to the high demand for the lightweight and non-corrosive materials. The United States is the single largest consumer of construction composites in various applications due to high penetration of composites in civil and industrial applications.
Some of the global players prevailing in the construction composites market are Advanced Environmental Recycling Technologies Inc., Bedford Reinforced Plastics and Exel Composites Oyj, Strongwell Corporation, Trex company to name a few.
The usage of construction composites is authorized by various governing bodies and can be used while following the required limitations and regulations.