Gas turbines are used in electrical generators, pumps, gas compressors, ships, trains, power aircraft and power generation. It is operated on the Brayton cycle and is comprised of three main components: compressor, combustor, power turbine in which compressed air is mixed with fuel and burned under constant pressure condition to produce hot gases which will spin the turbine for power generation. Gas turbine uses flammable gas or light distillate petroleum products including petrol, kerosene and diesel. A simple cycle gas turbine can achieve energy efficiencies ranging between 20% to 35% and hydrogen and syngas fired gas turbine combined cycle with higher temperature archives efficiency of 80%. The time at which gas turbine should be subjected to the long-term evaluation analysis varies between 12 and 25 years. The first gas turbine was installed in the Cambridge power station for the street light scheme in 1895 by Charles Parsons. The growth of the gas turbine has been exponentially growing from the year 1930 with the emergence of the innovative design of centrifugal gas turbine for jet propulsion.
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Source: Envision Inteligence Analysis & Experts Insights
Global gas turbine trends are primarily from the key players operating in the market. General Electric, Siemens AG and Mitsubishi Hitachi power system are the three significant manufactures that are enjoying the high flow of order for large-scale gas turbines. Mitsubishi Hitachi power system released latest J-class turbines which produces 30% cost efficiency electricity and have a power output of 330-440 megawatts and can ramp up at a rate of 50MW-100MW per minute. General Electric Company released the latest 9HA high-efficiency air-cooled gas turbine engine which has fast 12-minute ramp-up from start command to full load and ramping capability in 140 MW per minute in 2×1 configurations. Siemens released the SGT-800 industrial gas turbine which has better efficiency, reliability, environmental compatibility and fewer lifecycle expenses. Growing number of collaborations and merger relationships for the development of novel technologies is boosting the market growth and market trends. General electric marine solutions and Dalian shipbuilding industry co, Ltd. jointly completed a preliminary design for the conversion of steam turbine powered LNG carrier to a gas turbine-based propulsion system. Siemens gas turbines were launched in Russia for two thermal power stations which are built in Crimea. Honeywell International, Inc. AGT1500 gas turbine engine is being used in Abrams M1 main battle tanks which provides power, speed, quick acceleration and quiet operation across the military attacks.
Source: Envision Inteligence Analysis & Experts Insights
General Electric Company occupied a prominent share of 49% followed by Siemens AG with 29% of market share, Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems (MHPS) Ltd. accounted for 11% of total share, Ansaldo STS (A Hitachi Group Company) acquired 8% of market share and others market share was valued to be 3% share in the gas turbine market in 2017. Natural gas price volatility, gas turbine need for high speed & high operating temperatures, preference of constant rather than a fluctuating load are bolstering the market growth. Increasing pressure & shifting focus towards the low-cost renewable energy like solar & wind and availability of advanced turbines are likely to enhance the market growth in the coming years. Gas turbine utilisation in power plants have disadvantages including difficulties in starting of an electrical motor or an IC engine, moving the compressor towards operating speed and low efficiency on two-thirds of total power output to drive the compressor. These are the major factors which are hampering the gas turbine market growth.
According to the Envision Intelligence LLP market report on global gas turbine market, global gas turbines market size was valued at $17.24 billion in 2017, and it is projected to reach $22.01 billion by 2025 with a CAGR of nearly 4.02% during the forecast period 2019-2025. This growth is attributed primarily owing to the increasing demand for gas-based power generation, growing requirements for clean power generating assets and emerging government initiatives on carbon dioxide emission reductions and so on are the factors driving the growth of the gas turbine market. Growing trends of distributed power generation and replacement of phase out nuclear & coal plants are turning out as an emerging opportunity and are likely to amplify the market growth during the next couple of decades.
According to gas turbine market overview by Envision Inteligence, power sector leads the market owing to rapid growth in the population & growing technological civilisation which gradually leads to increasing demand for the electricity and availability efficient power generation technologies. The gas turbine is contributing their significant parts with advantages in the ease of installation, smooth running, compact size, less weight leading to the less initial expenses per unit output and uses less water consumption. Gas turbines in the aircraft have become more beneficial especially in capability aspects in flight control, landing gear actuators and increasing flexibility & more responsively.Source: Envision Inteligence Analysis & Experts Insights
By Geography, gas turbine market outlook remained strong in Asia Pacific region and is currently holding the largest market share in the gas turbines market and is likely to continue its dominance during the forecast period owing to the increasing government initiatives for cheap electricity, utilizing indigenous resources & existing power generation infrastructures modification, emerging demand for electricity, rapid expansion of industrial development activities, growing evolution from nuclear power generation to gas-fired power generation and increasing major company collaborations to release the novel technological developments in this region. North America, South America and European regions are following APAC and enjoying the substantial growth from the past five years owing to the availability of natural gas which is leading to shale gas production & rapid liquefied natural expansion and more number of major companies occupied land in this region.
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